Aref Nayed : Cairo Declaration Will Open Political and Military Discussions for Security and Peace in Libya – Al Marsad

Dr Aref Ali Nayed, Chairman of the Libya Institute for Advanced Studies (LIAS), commended the Cairo Declaration to resolve the Libyan crisis, which was announced by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi in the presence of both the Speaker of the Libyan Parliament, Chancellor Aguila Saleh and the Commander-in-Chief of the Libyan National Army (LNA), Field Marshal Haftar. He described this initiative as historic and actionable for peace in Libya.

(Libya, 7 June 2020) – In an intervention on Al-Arabiya TV, Dr aref Ali Nayed said that a ceasefire can take place before the deadline specified in the initiative, and that this will open political and economic tracks and military discussions, and lead Libya to security, safety, and peace.

On the commitment of all parties to the ceasefire, Nayed indicated that this initiative had not come about by accident. “It is a crystallization of weeks of painstaking work. We really thank the distinguished Egyptian diplomacy for all these efforts and international communication between several parties and capitals,” added Nayed.

He referred to the immediate international support, which the initiative received, as reflected by the high-profile presence of the ambassadors of the countries concerned with the Libyan file.

He indicated that as soon as the initiative was launched, statements of welcome and support rolled out from all important capitals, including Moscow and Washington DC. “This is extremely important because this international consensus is the foundation of any success to come.”  The Cairo Declaration has now been endorsed by US, Russia, France, Greece, Bahrain, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, the Arab Parliament and the League of Arab States.

“Add to this that the initiative did not try to supersede or marginalize previous efforts and initiatives tabled by other Arab and European capitals, whether in Abu Dhabi, Paris, Palermo, and Berlin,” elaborated the Chairman of LIAS, highlighting that the Cairo initiative encompassed all positive aspects of the previous initiatives.

Nayed stated that the call of President El-Sisi of Egypt of removing foreign militias from Libya is the demand of every Libyan. “The Libyan people supports this initiative,” he stressed.

He called on all stakeholders to approach this initiative transparently. “The tactic withdrawals by the Libyan National Army (LNA) should not be construed as a defeat or as an absolute predominance of the other side. This would be a major miscalculation,” said Nayed.

Cairo Declaration: Sisi Launches Initiative for a Comprehensive Solution to Libya Conflict

“We do not want to see any more Libyans die. We need to preserve the Libyan blood, be humble to God and the homeland, and seize this historic opportunity to achieve peace and stability.”

He concluded by asserting the need to adopt this initiative tabled in Cairo to have a stable, united, prosperous Libya where all would resort to the rule of law and where political mandate comes from the presidential and parliamentary elections envisaged in the Cairo Declaration.

ARAB AND INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT

The “Cairo Declaration” launched on Saturday by the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi to pave the way for normalization of life in Libya was greatly welcomed by Arab and international parties, as several countries supported the efforts to put an end to the military conflict and resort to dialogue between all Libyan parties.

(Libya, 7 June 2020) – Immediately after the announcement was made at a joint press conference of the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, Libya’s Speaker Chancellor Aguila Saleh, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, the Foreign Minister of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan described it a “significant breakthrough” consistent with the international initiatives.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia also welcomed the Cairo Declaration and the Egyptian President’s call for a ceasefire in Libya reiterating its full support to all international efforts to stop conflicts in Libya and return to negotiations. It asserted the need to ensure Libya’s integrity and protection against external interference.

For its part, the United Arab Emirates issued a statement announcing its support to the Egyptian efforts, which it described as “benevolent”, to revive the political path and declare a ceasefire. It commended the sincere, persistent and commendable endeavors led by Egyptian diplomacy as hued by a high sense of Arab responsibility.

The Kingdom of Bahrain also hailed the Egyptian initiative to resolve the Libyan crisis by pushing all rivals to start a serious dialogue, adding, in the words of Khaled bin Ahmed Al Khalifa, Advisor to the King of Bahrain for Diplomatic Affairs in a tweet, that the Cairo Declaration is an important step that brings together all parties in Libya to work for the kickoff of a serious dialogue that unites national efforts to reach a historic agreement.

In Europe, French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian congratulated Egypt for its efforts in the Libyan issue, praising the results achieved towards the immediate cessation of hostilities and the resumption of negotiations within the framework of the Joint Military Committee 5+5 and a rapid ceasefire that guarantees the departure of foreign mercenaries from Libya.

For its part, the United States of America welcomed the Egyptian efforts to support the return to the UN-led political negotiations and the declaration of a ceasefire, calling on all parties to engage in good faith in the ceasefire and return to negotiations.

Through its embassy in Cairo, Russia also welcomed the Egyptian initiative, which it described as “important”, praising all efforts aimed at settling the conflict and restoring peace through the Libyan territory.

Greece‘s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has welcomed Egypt’s initiative to mediate for peace in civil-war-torn Libya. “We welcome Egypt’s new initiative to resolve the Libyan Gordian knot,” said the ministry’s sunday announcement says. “(The initiative) highlights the basic principles of the international community as enshrined in UN Security Council resolutions and the Berlin Conclusions, namely respect for the unity, integrity and independence of Libya.”

Dr. Meshaal Al-Sulami, President of the Arab Parliament, welcomed the Cairo Declaration geared to resolve the Libyan crisis and preserve Libya’s unity and stability, stressing that this declaration is a road map for a political solution in Libya that will end the infighting and remove mercenaries and foreign fighters from Libya.

For its part, the League of Arab States (LAS), through its Secretary-General, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, welcomed the Egyptian initiative to end the Libyan crisis, expressing its support for ending the conflict and returning to political negotiations.

The Cairo Declaration includes proposals to declare a ceasefire throughout Libya starting Monday 8 June 2020 and renews the call for the resumption of the 5+5 peace negotiations in Geneva under the UN auspices.

It also requires all foreign parties to remove their mercenaries from Libya, dismantle militias, and surrender their weapons so that the Libyan National Army (LNA) can carry out its security tasks.

The initiative provides for the formation of an elected presidential council, while ensuring fair representation for Libya’s three regions, to administer governance, conduct fair elections, and distribute wealth fairly and transparently among all citizens, stressing the need to adopt a constitutional declaration to regulate the political process in the conflict-ravaged country.

© Al Marsad English (2020)