Merkel Welcomes the Cairo Declaration; Considers it an Extension of Berlin Conference – Al Marsad

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi telephoned German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Monday to discuss the Cairo Declaration.

(Libya, 9 Jun 2020) – According to the Spokesperson for the Egyptian Presidency, the two sides exchanged views on the developments of the Libyan issue in the light of the Egyptian sponsorship of the “Cairo Declaration Initiative”. The German Chancellor welcomed the initiative and considered it an extension of the Berlin Conference that adds new effective elements and dimensions to the Libyan political process, praising the Egyptian constructive efforts to settle the Libyan crisis.

For his part, President Sisi stressed Egypt’s keenness to reach a comprehensive political settlement in Libya through the initiative in pursuit of stability and security in the conflict-torn country, preserving the capabilities of the Libyan people, supporting their freedom, and putting an end to illegal foreign interventions that have only aggravated the issue and escalated violence.

INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY BEHIND THE CAIRO INITIATIVE

The “Cairo Declaration” launched on Saturday by the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi to pave the way for normalization of life in Libya was greatly welcomed by Arab and international parties, as several countries supported the efforts to put an end to the military conflict and resort to dialogue between all Libyan parties.

(Libya, 7 June 2020) – Immediately after the announcement was made at a joint press conference of the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, Libya’s Speaker Chancellor Aguila Saleh, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, the Foreign Minister of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan described it a “significant breakthrough” consistent with the international initiatives.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia also welcomed the Cairo Declaration and the Egyptian President’s call for a ceasefire in Libya reiterating its full support to all international efforts to stop conflicts in Libya and return to negotiations. It asserted the need to ensure Libya’s integrity and protection against external interference.

The launch of the Cairo Declaration

For its part, the United Arab Emirates issued a statement announcing its support to the Egyptian efforts, which it described as “benevolent”, to revive the political path and declare a ceasefire. It commended the sincere, persistent and commendable endeavors led by Egyptian diplomacy as hued by a high sense of Arab responsibility.

The Kingdom of Bahrain also hailed the Egyptian initiative to resolve the Libyan crisis by pushing all rivals to start a serious dialogue, adding, in the words of Khaled bin Ahmed Al Khalifa, Advisor to the King of Bahrain for Diplomatic Affairs in a tweet, that the Cairo Declaration is an important step that brings together all parties in Libya to work for the kickoff of a serious dialogue that unites national efforts to reach a historic agreement.

In Europe, French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian congratulated Egypt for its efforts in the Libyan issue, praising the results achieved towards the immediate cessation of hostilities and the resumption of negotiations within the framework of the Joint Military Committee 5+5 and a rapid ceasefire that guarantees the departure of foreign mercenaries from Libya.

For its part, the United States of America welcomed the Egyptian efforts to support the return to the UN-led political negotiations and the declaration of a ceasefire, calling on all parties to engage in good faith in the ceasefire and return to negotiations.

Through its embassy in Cairo, Russia also welcomed the Egyptian initiative, which it described as “important”, praising all efforts aimed at settling the conflict and restoring peace through the Libyan territory.

The British Foreign Office also welcomed the Cairo Declaration. The Minister of State for the Middle East and North Africa James Cleverley praised the efforts made by Egypt to encourage the Libyan leaders in the eastern region to support the ceasefire provided the UN oversees the implementation of such move.

The Kuwaiti Foreign Ministry also welcomed the Cairo Declaration. Its statement affirmed that Kuwait reiterates its demand to all warring parties to adopt a ceasefire in Libya and commit to a cessation of blood feuds.

ITALY WELCOME CAIRO DECLARATION

The Italian Foreign Ministry indicated in a statement published on its official website that “Italy has learned of the agreement announced by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi.”

“Italy has always been supportive of any initiative, which all parties concerned accept and within the framework of the Berlin process, in favor of a political solution to the Libyan crisis,” added the statement. “To this end, Italy calls on all parties concerned to pledge to resume 5+5 negotiations in a constructive position to agree on a UN-led permanent ceasefire.”

GREECE EXPRESSES SUPPORT

For its part, in a statement of its Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Greece welcomed Egypt’s initiative to mediate for peace in war-torn Libya.

The Greek Foreign Ministry considered that the Cairo Declaration sheds light on the basic principles of the international community as stipulated in the UN Security Council resolutions and the outcomes of the Berlin conference, namely respect for Libya’s unity, integrity, and independence.

“We fully share the priorities of the initiative, which are an immediate ceasefire, the withdrawal of all foreign forces and mercenaries, the disarmament of paramilitary groups, and the return of all Libyan stakeholders to a dialogue process for a comprehensive political solution,” the statement added.

Greece concluded its statement by saying: “Libyans alone can restore peace while prolonging the crisis serves third parties with ulterior motives that interfere in their internal affairs. Peace will not only benefit Libyans, but will also reflect positively on the stability and prosperity of the entire eastern Mediterranean.”

ARAB ORGANISATIONS

Dr. Meshaal Al-Sulami, President of the Arab Parliament, welcomed the Cairo Declaration geared to resolve the Libyan crisis and preserve Libya’s unity and stability, stressing that this declaration is a road map for a political solution in Libya that will end the infighting and remove mercenaries and foreign fighters from Libya.

For its part, the League of Arab States (LAS), through its Secretary-General, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, welcomed the Egyptian initiative to end the Libyan crisis, expressing its support for ending the conflict and returning to political negotiations.

The Cairo Declaration includes proposals to declare a ceasefire throughout Libya starting Monday 8 June 2020 and renews the call for the resumption of the 5+5 peace negotiations in Geneva under the UN auspices.

It also requires all foreign parties to remove their mercenaries from Libya, dismantle militias, and surrender their weapons so that the Libyan National Army (LNA) can carry out its security tasks.

The initiative provides for the formation of an elected presidential council, while ensuring fair representation for Libya’s three regions, to administer governance, conduct fair elections, and distribute wealth fairly and transparently among all citizens, stressing the need to adopt a constitutional declaration to regulate the political process in the conflict-ravaged country.

© Al Marsad English (2020)

 

FURTHER LINKS

Cairo Declaration: Sisi Launches Initiative for a Comprehensive Solution to Libya Conflict

Aref Nayed : Cairo Declaration Will Open Political and Military Discussions for Security and Peace in Libya

 

 

 

 

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