Ihya Libya Bloc Demands Guterres to Expand Investigations of Violations from 2011 to Yesterday – Al Marsad

The Chair of the Ihya Libya (Libya Revival) Bloc, Dr Aref Ali Nayed, addressed the Secretary-General of the United Nations, António Guterres, in an Open Letter on Monday, calling for the expansion of the mandate of the fact-finding mission recently appointed by the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) to include all the violations committed from 2011 until yesterday.

(Libya, 24 August 2020) – Dr Aref Ali Nayed welcomed the UN de-escalation efforts to reach a negotiated solution and spare lives, indicating that these efforts resulted in the issuing of two important positive statements regarding an immediate ceasefire were made on 21 August by both the Speaker of the Libyan House of Representatives (HoR) and the President of the Presidential Council of the Government of National Accord (GNA).

Nayed said: “Despite the important discrepancies between the two statements, we believe they can jointly be built upon to relaunch a Libyan-Libyan political process that restores the Libyan people’s rights to security, safety, services-delivery, and Right to Development, and to choose their own leaders in fair and transparent Presidential and Parliamentarian direct elections.”

Nayed expressed his regret that since the issuing of the two positive statements on 21 August, some alarming actions have been taken by the GNA and its security forces including the launch of attacks on al-Asabaa city and adjacent localities, and the crackdown on civilians there.

He also referred to what happened to the peaceful demonstrators and the firing of live ammunition of various calibers (including anti-aircraft 14.5-caliber) on them in Tripoli, who were simply demanding their basic rights of dignified living and delivery of basic services.

The Chairman of the Ihya Libya Bloc referred to the continued procurement of terrorism-linked mercenaries from Syria via Turkey to the country.

He called on the UN Secretary-General to support Libyan civilians in various ways, including making strong statements, as General Secretary of the United Nations. These would also include expanding the mandate of your recently appointed Fact-Finding Mission to include abuses and violations from 2011 and not just since 2016, as UNSMIL recently stated, and to include abuses and violations up to date, including the al-Asabaa and Tripoli attacks on civilians. The following is the full text of the letter:

OPEN LETTER BY THE IHYA LIBYA BLOC TO THE UN SECRETARY GENERAL

August 24, 2020

H.E. Mr. António Guterres
Secretary General
United Nations

Your Excellency, greetings, and respects,

Further to our letter of June 29, we would like to thank you for taking on board some of the ideas proposed in that letter, and for your recent remark (July 8) that:

“[I]n this gloomy context, all opportunities to unblock the political stalemate must be seized. De-escalation efforts, including the creation of a possible demilitarized zone, are being undertaken by UNSMIL to reach a negotiated solution and spare lives.”

Your proactive approach, and that of your UNSMIL team, has led to important aligned statements by several stakeholders including US National Security Adviser H.E. Mr. Robert C. O’Brien (August 5), and German Foreign Minister H.E. Mr. Heiko Maas (August 17), and to a flurry of shuttle diplomacy by several Western diplomats, especially H.E. Ambassador Richard Norland of the USA.

As a result, two important positive statements regarding an immediate Ceasefire were made on August 21 by both H.E. the President of the Libyan House of Representatives (HoR) and H.E. the President of the Presidential Council of the Government of National Accord (GNA).

Ihya Libya (Reviving Libya) welcomed both statements on the same day they were issued (kindly see attached press release).

Despite the important discrepancies between the two statements, we believe they can jointly be built upon to relaunch a Libyan-Libyan political process that restores the Libyan people’s rights to security, safety, services-delivery, and “Right to Development”, and to choose their own leaders in fair and transparent Presidential and Parliamentarian direct elections.

Unfortunately, however, since the issuing of the two positive statements on August 21, some alarming actions have been taken by the GNA and its security forces, including:

1. The launch of attacks on Al-Asabaa city and adjacent localities, and the crackdown on civilians there.
2. The firing of live ammunition of various calibers (including anti-aircraft 14.5-caliber) on peaceful demonstrators in Tripoli, who were simply demanding their basic rights of dignified living and delivery of basic services.
3. The continued procurement of terrorism-linked mercenaries from Syria via Turkey.
UNSMIL has already issued helpful statements regarding the first two items. However, Your Excellency’s personal support of Libyan civilians would be much appreciated. That support can be expressed in various ways, including:
1. Making strong statements, as General Secretary of the esteemed United Nations.
2. Expanding the mandate of your recently appointed Fact-Finding Mission (appointed by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, August 23) to include abuses and violations from 2011 (and NOT just since 2016, as UNSMIL recently), and to include abuses and violations up to date, including the Al-Asabaa and Tripoli attacks on civilians.
3. Re-invoking UN Security Council Resolutions 1970 and 1973, regarding the Protection of Civilians.
4. Re-invoking UN Charter Chapter 7, in order to impose direct Presidential Elections, as per the GNC’s February Committee Recommendations, and the HoR’s Decree Number 5 for the year 2014, which established Presidential Elections in principle, but postponed them.
5. Appointing a new Envoy to Libya, and the reshaping of the UN mission to become an Election-Delivery and Support Mission.

As pointed out in our previous letter, both the GNA and the HoR can protect elections in their own areas, and the UN, EU, African Union, and Arab League can provide necessary election integrity guarantees, and ensure the implementation of their results.

It is blatantly clear that an entire political clique in all regions of Libya is working very hard to stay in power and to continue their abuse and corruption. Only urgent direct elections can end this multifaceted tyranny and can restore legitimacy to its rightful owners: the Libyan people.

As for the continued use of mercenaries, Your Excellency’s support of the Libyan people’s demand to eject ALL mercenaries from Libyan Territory is vitally important.

Meanwhile, all sides of the conflict must be reminded of their international and humanitarian obligations as compiled in the famous 2008 “Montreux Document on Pertinent International Legal Obligations and Good Practiced for States Related to Operations of Private Military and Security Companies During Armed Conflict.”

Thank you very much, Your Excellency for your kind consideration. I would be very pleased to discuss all this further, with you or your esteemed Envoy, at your convenience.

Best regards.
Aref Ali Nayed,
Chairman,
Ihya Libya (Reviving Libya)

© Al-Marsad English (2020)

FURTHER LINKS

Ihya Libya Bloc Welcomes the Ceasefire Statements by Aguila Saleh and Sarraj

Open Letter to UN: Ihya Libya Calls for Elections in December and Sirte as Capital of Sovereign Institutions