UNICEF: Over 4 million Libyans, including 1.5 million Children Will Face Water Shortage – Al Marsad

The Regional Office of the UNICEF expressed concern over the deteriorating water, sanitation and hygiene situation in Libya. It warned that over 4 million Libyans, including 1.5 million children will face imminent water problems.

(Libya, 3 February 2021) – In its recent press release UNICEF cited that over 4 million people, including 1.5 million children, will face imminent water problems if immediate solutions were not found and implemented. The prolonged crisis has left the sector facing great challenges, leading to a significant decline in services.

It added that this crisis attributed to the lack of required budgets for the purchase of equipment, operational materials and spare parts for regular maintenance. Suppliers are also struggling to open bank credits in hard currency to import equipment from outside the country.

The repeated attacks on the Manmade River systems caused about 190 wells to be rendered out of service (Al-Jafara, Al-Hasawna and Al-Sirir-Tazarbo), bringing this vital sector to the brink of collapse. The General Company for Water and Wastewater suffers from the deterioration of the water network.

It noted that this deterioration causing the loss of large quantities of water of up to 50%. In the sanitation sector, only 45% of households and institutions are connected to the public network; the rest are connected to cesspits, which leads to pollution of groundwater reservoirs.

Furthermore, most of the wastewater is discharged directly into the sea without treatment, negatively impacting the environment and marine life.

Moreover, it also clarify that most of the wastewater is discharged to the sea directly without treatment, which will adversely affect the environment and marine organisms, at a time when desalination plants suffer from alack of equipment needed to carry out maintenance and chemicals to sustain operations, thus decreasing their operational efficiency.

The press release gave an example of the Bomba Bay plant that has been rendered completely out of service, depriving over 63k people living in the five cities—Al-Tamimi, Bambah, Ras al-Tin, Umm al-Razm, Murtaba, and the eastern coast of Derna —from access to safe water.

The estimated cost for the rehabilitation of the plant is $ 12 million. This is taking place against the backdrop of the prevailing liquidity crisis that has put additional pressure on the financial ability of families to afford purchasing water by trucks, and, hence increasing their economic burden.

It also mentioned the remaining 7 plants that provide water to cities of Abu Trabah, Sousa, Derna, Tubrok, Zletin, Alzawya, and Zwara are operating at 28% of their design efficiency. They too will break down if no immediate intervention is undertaken.

The release warned that all these conditions to a complete system breakdown and stop water supply and sanitation services to vulnerable families and children.

UNICEF Special Representative in Libya, AbdulKadir Musse said: “UNICEF calls on decision-makers in the Libyan government and international organizations to prioritize the WASH [water, sanitation and hygiene] sector. The urgent provision of necessary funds to carry out maintenance will ensure continuity of adequate water supply and sanitation services. Communities will be able to practice daily healthy hygiene to limit the transmission of the coronavirus, and thus avoid a humanitarian disaster that would impact more than 4 million people, including 1.5 million children.”


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