Greek Media: Germany Excludes Greece from Berlin II Conference to Protect Turkish Interests – Al Marsad

An article published by a Greek publication accused Germany of colluding with Turkey to exclude Greece from the Berlin II conference and from any role in the settlement of the Libyan crisis.

(LIBYA, 5 June 2021) – The report in the Greek City Times by Lambros Zacharis said Germany did not invite Greece to participate in the work of the Berlin 1 and 2 conferences, despite Greece being a member of the European Union, while Turkey was invited. The article argued that the reason for Germany not inviting Greece was due to the dispute between Athens and Ankara over the illegal maritime agreement with Libya.

The first Berlin conference on Libya was attended by Russia, the US, China, Turkey, France, UK, UAE, Congo, Italy, Egypt, and the UN, along with delegations from the European Union, the African Union and the Arab League.

Berlin I Conference


The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nikos Dendias, expressed the dissatisfaction of Athens at not being invited for Berlin II. “We are extremely dissatisfied with the fact that Germany, insisting on a tactic, did not invite us to the meeting on Libya this time as well,” he said. 

Dendias said, “Greece’s relationship with  in Libya is now very different from what it was a few months ago.” “We have reopened our Embassy, ​​we have opened a Consulate in Benghazi, we have visited Libya,” he stressed.

“We are extremely dissatisfied with the fact that Germany, insisting on a tactic, did not invite us to this meeting again,” Dendias said.


The Greek City Times article quoted the Director of the Institute of International Relations in Greece, Constantinos Filis, as saying: “As historically happens in the context of this conference, since Greece did not participate in the previous conference, it would be very difficult to participate now.” It is clear that Greece does not have a strong economic and military footprint in Libya.”

He said this “shows the intentions of Germany, which with communication tactics insists on this position of exclusion of our country.”

He also said that some countries were putting the argument that Greece should not participate in the conference because it does not have this strong military footprint.


Geostrategic analyst Efthymios Petrou was of the opinion that Germany wants to pursue special interests in the region, and would get mixed by the Greek presence at the conference and in the region in general.” He indicated that the illegal agreement between Libya and Turkey creates a situation in the eastern Mediterranean.”

“The illegal Turkish-Libyan memorandum creates a situation in the Eastern Mediterranean,” he said, adding: “As Greece attempts to overturn this agreement, the Germans may see this as overturning a solution to the Libyan problem.”

He said one should not forget that the “Germans have two centuries of relations with the Turks”, and it was therefore clear that Germany preferred the German-Turkish relations to the Greek-Turkish ones.

He argued that Germany and Turkey don’t Greece to internationalise the issue of the the illegal Turkish-Libyan memorandum.

Constantinos Filis argued that Germany forgets that “Greece, an EU member state, has opposite and adjacent coasts with Libya.” Turkey does not have a neighbouring coast and is not a EU member.


The Greek City Times article also quoted Anthony Klapsis, Assistant Professor of Diplomacy and International Organization at the University of Peloponnese, who was of the view that Germany does not want to displease Turkey. “The Germans want to keep the balance in German-Turkish relations for obvious economic reasons,” he added, particularly as German-Turkish trade relations remain strong.

The article said “Germany is the most important trade partner of Turkey and the biggest foreign investor,” and more than “7,400 German and Turkish companies operating in Turkey use German investment capital.”