The Fezzan Charter is Ratified by the Cities of Jufra, Wadi al-Shatti, Ubari, Ghat, Murzuq and Sebha – Al Marsad

The social components of the South of Libya have ratified the Fezzan Charter for Peaceful Coexistence and Social Harmony with the signing of the Charter in the Libyan cities of al-Jufra, Wadi-al-Shatti, Ubari, Ghat, Murzuq and Sebha during 12 –15 September 2021. The Fezzan Charter reflects the resolve and efforts of the people of Southern Libya to stabilise the situation in their region, preserve the social fabric and promote development. 

AlMarsad publishes here the English translation of the the full text of the Fezzan Charter:

SOUTHERN LIBYA CHARTER FOR PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE AND SOCIAL HARMONY

PREAMBLE

In compliance with the words of God Almighty in the Noble Quran regarding the call for reconciliation and the settlement of disputes, as stated in the following verses:

“Do not be divided” (The Holy Quran, Al-Imran: Part of Verse 103)

“Settle your differences, and obey God and His Apostle, should you be faithful.” (The Holy Quran, Al-Anfal: 1)

No good is there in much of their private conversation, except for those who enjoin charity or that which is right or reconciliation between the people, and whoever does that, seeking God’s approval, soon We shall give him a great reward.” (The Holy Quran, Al-Nisa’: 114)

Following in the footsteps of Prophet Muhammad (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him), and his righteous approach in reconciling the differences between the parties of all sects, including the Muslims themselves, during the period of the Call, the Messenger of God (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him) was keen on the unity of Muslims and emphasized the spirit of tolerance between them and commanded that reconciliation between the disputants is one of the best deeds. The Prophet (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him) said: “Nothing is more elevated, in human deeds, than prayer, fasting, philanthropy, achieving reconciliation, and having good manners.” (Branches of Faith, Shu’ab al-Iman, 12:429).

Moreover, when the city of Quba’ witnessed a civil strife among its people, the Apostle of God (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him) dispatched senior envoys from his Companions to mediate. The Prophet (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him) instructed them to achieve reconciliation. The Prophet (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him) said, “Let us go to bring about a reconciliation between them.” (Peacemaking Book, Sahih-al-Bukhari, 3:183).

In addition to the Qur’an’s focus on the principles of peace, forgiveness, suppression of anger, kindness and forbearance, patience, acceptance of excuses and apologies, turning the page on differences, and generosity, the Prophetic Sunnah is full of many solid positions in this direction, from small and localized events, to major manifestations that carries huge transformations for the project, its members and the framework on which those blessed texts are based on. Prophet Muhammad, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, presented the most wonderful examples of forgiveness and tolerance when he visited the city of Taif, his enemy ordered the children to throw rocks and stones at the Prophet, PBUH. The Holy Prophet bled so profusely from the stoning that his feet became clotted to his shoes and was wounded badly. Notwithstanding, the Prophet’s reaction simply presented the most wonderful example of tolerance when he prayed to God Almighty to forgive them for this heinous, violent and bloody assault on his physical integrity: “O Lord forgive my people, for they do not know.’’ The same human lesson in tolerance was reaffirmed on the day of the greatest victory and the entry of Makkah Al-Mukarramah {Mecca}, when the Holy Prophet (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him) pardoned those who abused him and fought against him. He addressed the POWs of the vanquished Quraysh Army by saying, “I pardon you all. You are free to go to your homes.” The Holy Prophet (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him) granted amnesty to all the enemy combatants.

From this lofty standpoint, and sensing the dangers that our country Libya, in general, and our beloved South, in particular, are going through as a result of the conflicts and divisions that will inevitably have serious repercussions on the future of Libya, its unity, national wealth, and the future of its children; and at this critical juncture that Libya and its South, with abundant natural resources, are currently going through, and over the past few years, with serious social conflicts and divisions that have caused the fall of many victims among the Southern civilian population, the depletion of public and private gains and resources, the disruption of institutions, in addition to the horrific spread of crimes, and the emergence of very dangerous practices that caused the widening of the differences in the social fabric, and the spread of hatred among people, and this has led to the turning of the Southern regions, particularly the city of Sebha, into a semi-disaster spot, where the necessities of life are lacking, dominated by frustration and negativity, and the culture of immigration from the region prevails among most segments of the population despite their love and attachment to it, although this leaves these regions an easy prey for all kinds of conspiracies and agendas.

All of these dangers are an inevitable result of the remnants of conflicts and social and regional tensions, which are essentially alien to this region and its residents who are distinguished by their generosity, kindness, good manners and courage.

In enrichment of the efforts of the benevolent people of this country in drafting a National Charter of Honor in order to promote peaceful coexistence and social harmony, in which the will of the people of the country of all its sects and components crystallizes, represented in approving the provisions of this document, which came as a culmination of the legitimate, tolerant and sincere patriotic will;

In awareness of the dangers facing the region, its people, and its stability, especially after the culmination of national and international efforts by unifying institutions and adopting a Government of National Unity, which will undoubtedly be a safety valve for the sustainability and implementation of this pact;

And in looking forward to the issuance of Presidential Council Resolution No.5 of 2021 regarding the formation of the High National Reconciliation Commission, which will undoubtedly form a solid foundation for this initiative;

The following Charter for Peaceful Coexistence and Social Harmony has been released:

ARTICLES OF THE FEZZAN CHARTER

This document undoubtedly represents the will of all those who call for peace, reconciliation, peaceful coexistence, community stability and safety, in order to reach a safe and stable homeland in which human and economic development is achieved, which cannot be reached without a Charter around which all the citizens of the country gather without exclusion or marginalization of anyone, as this document is based on the establishment of the principles of peace, reconciliation, social harmony, social justice, equality in rights and duties, mutual respect between people and respect for human dignity.

Deriving its strength from the tolerant Islamic principles and the urgent national will, far from any political, regional or social interactions, the Provisions of this Charter are based on the following principles:

(1) Our beloved South represents one spot from end to end, and its wealth is an inherent property of all Libyans, and thus preserving the national constants represented in Libya’s unity and territorial integrity and defense is the responsibility of all citizens of Libya and is the base of the pyramid of this document.

(2) The citizens of our beloved South, like other citizens of Libya, are equal in rights and duties, and national rights are constants guaranteed by the Libyan judiciary and the Libyan legislation in force.

(3) The sons of the social components and the regional affiliations of our beloved South are all committed to respecting the law and human rights, and that whoever violates that, we, the ratifiers of this document, hereby, declare that he represents only himself.

(4) Whoever is accused of intentionally killing a person, the social cover is lifted from him, and he is handed over to the competent security authorities to take all legal and criminal measures against him, with the commitment of these authorities to protect him and ensure a fair trial for him.

(5) Whoever assaults or usurps public or private property or commits any crime, felony, misdemeanour or the like, the social cover is lifted from him and handed over to the competent security authorities to take all legal and criminal measures against him with the obligation of these authorities to protect him and ensure a fair trial for him.

(6) Commitment to keep all public institutions and government headquarters away from all kinds of conflicts, as no party has the right to attack public institutions, or obstruct their work, partially or completely. Anyone who violates this represents only himself, and his social component is considered to have no responsibility whatsoever for his actions.

(7) The State is required to form judicial or governmental committees, or the like, in a manner that does not contradict the applicable laws and regulations in force, to review the rights of those affected by armed conflicts, verify facts and establish fact-finding committees, including the victims of conflicts, martyrs and the like, and what is stipulated in Article (23) of the Law No. (29) of 2013 on Transitional Justice issued by the General National Congress in this context.

(8) Coordination under this Charter with all authorities concerned with the return of the forcibly displaced and internally displaced persons and all those covered by the General Amnesty Law No. (6) of 2015 issued by the Libyan House of Representatives.

(9) Cooperating with government agencies, institutions and relevant bodies, especially the Presidential Council through the High Reconciliation Commission, and the Cabinet through the Ministry of Justice, by developing the necessary measures to address the files of missing persons, prisoners of conscience, the forcibly incarcerated and political detainees, to ensure their rights and fair trial within specific legal periods.

(10) Cooperating with the relevant government agencies represented in the Presidential Council and the Government of National Unity by establishing a fund for the reconstruction of our beloved South and providing support for a sustainable reconciliation, particularly in the cities and villages affected by armed conflicts, ensuring the rights of those affected by armed conflicts, families of the victims and families of the missing, and coordinating with national and international donors interested in sustainable reconciliation and peaceful coexistence in our beloved South, in particular.

(11) Work with government agencies and all those who support the security and stability of the region and its components by taking all measures to institutionalize decentralization, support and oversight the work of municipalities, provide services, and create stabilization projects, in order to ensure the provision of opportunities to empower youth, women and vulnerable groups.

(12) Work to combat all armed manifestations, such as the threat of resorting to the use of force, indiscriminate shooting, especially during celebrations and social events, and the possession of unlicensed weapons, as well as the rejection of hate speech, racism and regionalism, particularly directed through various media outlets and social media platforms.

(13) Coordination with, and seeking support of, the competent government agencies and stakeholders concerned with stabilization initiatives of our beloved South through via media platforms and Satellite TV networks to provide momentum for reconciliation efforts and support the narrative of peace and tolerance, and to be the window of our beloved South to the homeland and the world.

(14) The signatory parties to this document, hereby, express their full respect for the principles of peaceful coexistence and confidence-building measures stipulated in the Libyan Political Agreement and referred to as the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum, and the efforts of the United Nations Support Mission to Libya (UNSMIL) and the international community on societal stability, and consider them among the pillars of this document.

(15) The signatories to this document are obligated to stand united against any violation of it by “an individual or group” and to form specialized committees to follow up the implementation of all its contents.

(16) This Charter is considered a binding armistice document for all social components that have ratified it as of the date of endorsement.

[End]

© ALMARSAD ENGLISH (2021)